This thesis is about the history and development of Xun. The main purpose of this study is to understand the historical background of Xun, analyze the development of Xun in history and observe the functions of Xun in each era by using the documents related to Xun, unearthed cultural relics and murals, combined with art, musicology and history. In this paper, the concept of time follows the general classification of dynasties in ancient Chinese history. Although the research includes Chinese Xun and Korean Xun, in order to understand the historical change process of Xun, the research focuses on Chinese Xun. It is divided into four parts: the origin, the heyday, the decline and the honor after the 20th century. Xun originated in the Neolithic age. There were one or two Chi gongs in the shape of an egg. Its main function was for sacrifice. However, at the end of the Neolithic age, Xun's function had gone beyond simple sound and was used for a variety of purposes. Xun’s heyday was the Xia and Shang Dynasties. With the establishment of the ritual and music system, it was used as an important musical instrument in “a Yue”, which was completed by five local officials. At the end of the Warring States period, family training declined. The murals of Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes left traces of Xun. The emergence of professional ancient music scores of Tanghaoxunbo in the Ming and Qing Dynasties filled the historical gap of Xun, but the development of Xun did not have much impact. After the 20th century, Xun, as a unique timbre instrument, was selected as a professional instrument among music professionals and widely used for the birth of Xun music special group and “Song Xun” produced by song jinggen of Korea. The research results of Xun’s general poetry obtained in this paper have material value for the later study of Xun’s music in the future.