ABSTRACTBladder cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors worldwide. Accordingly, its incidence and mortality are high. One of the characteristics of cancer is genomic instability. New studies suggest that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play an important role in maintaining genomic instability. This study aimed to identify a genomic instability-associated lncRNA signature to predict the outcome of patients with bladder cancer. We downloaded data for bladder cancer patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas database to obtain lncRNA expression profiles as well as somatic mutation profiles. Using the lncRNA computational framework, a genomic instability-related lncRNA signature (GIlncSig) was established and the prognostic value of this signature was assessed and validated. A five-lncRNA signature based on genomic instability (CFAP58-DT, MIR100HG, LINC02446, AC078880.3, and LINC01833) was obtained from 58 differentially expressed lncRNAs. Patients were divided into high-risk and low-risk groups, with the high-risk group having a substantially worse prognosis than the low-risk group. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses indicated that GIlncSig may be an independent prognostic factor; this finding was subsequently validated. In addition, enrichment analysis indicated that GIlncSig is associated with genomic instability in bladder cancer. GIlncSig has a predictive value for the prognosis of bladder cancer patients and provides guidance for the clinical treatment of these patients.