The lithium isotopic compositions of adakitic rocks and K-rich volcanic rocks in southern Tibet range from +1.3‰ to +7.5‰ and −4.9‰ to +3.5‰, respectively. The subduction of the Indian Plate beneath the Lhasa Terrane means that traditional lithium isotopic compositions of various reservoirs are unable to explain the aforementioned δ7Li data. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the Li isotopic compositions of the different geological endmembers underneath southern Tibet. Here, we report the lithium isotopic composition and concentration of Indian upper and lower continental crust. On the basis of whole-rock major and trace element data and Sr–Nd–Pb isotope data, leucogranites from Luozha and Longzi are considered as representative of Indian upper crust, whereas two-mica granites from Quedang and Dala and granulites and gneisses from Nyalam are considered as representative of Indian lower crust. The Li concentration of Indian upper crust varies from 23 to 45ppm with a mean of 34ppm, consistent with a weighted mean Li concentration for the upper crust of 35±11ppm. In contrast, the Li abundance of Indian lower crust is estimated to be 33–84ppm with a mean of 58ppm, much higher than the average Li concentration for the lower crust of ~8ppm because of the high modal abundance of biotite and muscovite. The Li isotopic compositions (+0.9‰ to +5.6‰) of Indian upper continental crust are relatively heavy compared with the average Li isotopic composition of upper continental crust. On the other hand, the Li isotopic compositions of Indian lower continental crust (−4.4‰ to −0.1‰) are lighter than those of Indian upper continental crust. The isotopically heavy signature of Indian upper crust is produced by high-δ7Li fluids released from the Indian lower crust slab, whereas the lighter signature of Indian lower crust is generated by the partial melting of residual Indian lower crust slab during metamorphic dehydration of Indian lower crust.